See Spain links in our directory About Spain When you think about a summer holiday destination, it's likely that one of the first places to come to your mind is Spain. For many years visitors have been flocking to the sun-drenched beaches of this European hotspot, returning home with an enviable tan, and plenty of memories to smile about.
Celtic castro in Galicia Archaeological research at Atapuerca indicates the Iberian Peninsula was populated by hominids 1. Modern humans first arrived in Iberia, from the north on foot, about 35, years Spain a country i would. The largest groups inhabiting the Iberian Peninsula before the Roman conquest were the Iberians and the Celts.
The Iberians inhabited the Mediterranean side of the peninsula, from the northeast to the southeast. The Celts inhabited much of the inner and Atlantic sides of the peninsula, from the northwest to the southwest.
Basques occupied the western area of the Pyrenees mountain range and adjacent areas, the Phoenician-influenced Tartessians culture flourished in the southwest and the Lusitanians and Vettones occupied areas in the central west.
A number of cities were founded along the coast by Phoeniciansand trading outposts and colonies were established by Greeks in the East. Eventually, Phoenician- Carthaginians expanded inland towards the meseta, however due to the bellicose inland tribes the Carthaginians got settled in the coasts of the Iberian Peninsula.
Although it took the Romans nearly two centuries to complete the conquest of the Iberian Peninsula, they retained control of it for over six centuries. Roman rule was bound together by law, language, and the Roman road.
Agricultural production increased with the introduction of irrigation projects, some of which remain in use. These tribes had crossed the Rhine in early and ravaged Gaul. The Suebi established a kingdom in what is today modern Galicia and northern Portugal whereas the Vandals established themselves in southern Spain by before crossing over to North Africa in and taking Carthage in As the western empire disintegrated, the social and economic base became greatly simplified: Reccared I and bishops.
Council III of Toledo Codex Vigilanusfol. The Byzantines established an occidental province, Spaniain the south, with the intention of reviving Roman rule throughout Iberia. Eventually, however, Hispania was reunited under Visigothic rule.
The Spanish-Gothic scholars such as Braulio of Zaragoza and Isidore of Seville played an important role in keeping the classical Greek and Roman culture. Isidore was one of the most influential clerics and philosophers in the Middle Ages in Europe, and his theories were also vital to the conversion of the Visigothic Kingdom from an Arian domain to a Catholic one in the Councils of Toledo.
This Gothic kingdom was the first independent Christian kingdom ruling in the Iberian Peninsulaand in the Reconquista it was the referent for the different kingdoms fighting against the Muslim rule.
Isidore created the first western encyclopaedia which had a huge impact during the Middle Ages. In the 8th century, nearly all of the Iberian Peninsula was conquered — by largely Moorish Muslim armies from North Africa. These conquests were part of the expansion of the Umayyad Caliphate.Tourism in Spain is the 3rd major contributor to national economic life after the industrial and the business/banking sectors, contributing about % of Spain's GDP.
Ever since the s and s, the country has been a popular destination for summer holidays, especially with large numbers of tourists from the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, the Benelux, and the United States. Data, policy advice and research on Spain including economy, education, employment, environment, health, tax, trade, GDP, unemployment rate, inflation and PISA.
Custom Search Country Studies Index. is seen in the use of honey, almonds, citrus fruits, and spices, such as cumin and saffron (a yellow spice). A leader in exploration and colonization, powerful Spain was among the first nations in Europe to discover the treasures of the New World.
With Portugal, Spain makes up the Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia.
Iberia is separated from the rest of Europe by the Pyrenees Mountains, which rise to a height of 11, feet (3, meters). More information about Spain is available on the Spain Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet..
U.S.-SPAIN RELATIONS. The United States established diplomatic relations with Spain in Spain severed diplomatic relations with the United States in at the start of the Spanish-American War, in which Spain .