Comment required March 1, 6:
Gaius MariusCaesar's uncle Caesar was born into a patrician family, the gens Juliawhich claimed descent from Iulusson of the legendary Trojan prince Aeneassupposedly the son of the goddess Venus. Despite their ancient pedigree, the Julii Caesares were not especially politically influential, although they had enjoyed some revival of their political fortunes in the early 1st century BC.
Little is recorded of Caesar's childhood. His coming of age coincided with a civil war between his uncle Gaius Marius and his rival Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Both sides carried out bloody purges of their political opponents whenever they were in the ascendancy. Marius and his ally Lucius Cornelius Cinna were in control of the city when Caesar was nominated as the new Flamen Dialis high priest of Jupiter and he was married to Cinna's daughter Cornelia.
He was stripped of his inheritance, his wife's dowry, and his priesthood, but he refused to divorce Cornelia and was forced to go into hiding.
Sulla gave in reluctantly and is said to have declared Julius caesar and why he was he saw many a Marius in Caesar. He served with distinction, winning the Civic Crown for his part in the Siege of Mytilene.
He went on a mission to Bithynia to secure the assistance of King Nicomedes 's fleet, but he spent so long at Nicomedes' court that rumours arose of an affair with the king, which Caesar vehemently denied for the rest of his life.
Julius Caesar granted citizenship to many colonials, thus widening his base of support. A Quick Summary on the Life and Times of Julius Ceasar. Caesar's Role in the Collapse of the Roman Republic. Rome: Articles on the End of the Roman Republic. On 1 January 42 BC, Caesar became the first historical Roman to be deified, when he was posthumously granted the title 'the divine Julius'. Why did he invade Britain? During the Gallic Wars, Caesar invaded Britain twice in 55 and 54 BC wanting to make it part of the Roman empire. Why, Caesar straddles the narrow world like a giant, and we petty men walk under his huge legs and look forward only to dying dishonorably, as slaves.
He lacked means since his inheritance was confiscated, but he acquired a modest house in Suburaa lower-class neighbourhood of Rome.
Dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla stripped Caesar of the priesthood On the way across the Aegean Sea Caesar was kidnapped by pirates and held prisoner. The pirates demanded a ransom of 20 talents of silver, but he insisted that they ask for He had them crucified on his own authority, as he had promised while in captivity  —a promise that the pirates had taken as a joke.
As a sign of leniency, he first had their throats cut. He was soon called back into military action in Asia, raising a band of auxiliaries to repel an incursion from the east.
He was elected quaestor for 69 BC,  and during that year he delivered the funeral oration for his aunt Juliaand included images of her husband Marius in the funeral procession, unseen since the days of Sulla.
His wife Cornelia also died that year. On his return in 67 BC,  he married Pompeiaa granddaughter of Sulla, whom he later divorced in 61 BC after her embroilment in the Bona Dea scandal. He ran against two powerful senators. Accusations of bribery were made by all sides.
Caesar won comfortably, despite his opponents' greater experience and standing. He turned to Marcus Licinius Crassusone of Rome's richest men. Crassus paid some of Caesar's debts and acted as guarantor for others, in return for political support in his opposition to the interests of Pompey.
Even so, to avoid becoming a private citizen and thus open to prosecution for his debts, Caesar left for his province before his praetorship had ended.
In Spain, he conquered two local tribes and was hailed as imperator by his troops; he reformed the law regarding debts, and completed his governorship in high esteem.
In the Roman Republic, this was an honorary title assumed by certain military commanders. After an especially great victory, army troops in the field would proclaim their commander imperator, an acclamation necessary for a general to apply to the Senate for a triumph.
However, he also wanted to stand for consul, the most senior magistracy in the republic. If he were to celebrate a triumph, he would have to remain a soldier and stay outside the city until the ceremony, but to stand for election he would need to lay down his command and enter Rome as a private citizen.
He could not do both in the time available. He asked the senate for permission to stand in absentia, but Cato blocked the proposal.
Faced with the choice between a triumph and the consulship, Caesar chose the consulship. The election was sordid — even Catowith his reputation for incorruptibility, is said to have resorted to bribery in favour of one of Caesar's opponents. Caesar won, along with conservative Marcus Bibulus.
Pompey and Crassus had been at odds for a decade, so Caesar tried to reconcile them. The three of them had enough money and political influence to control public business. This informal alliance, known as the First Triumvirate "rule of three men"was cemented by the marriage of Pompey to Caesar's daughter Julia."In January of 49 BC, Julius Caesar led his army across the Rubicon River in Northern Italy and plunged the Roman Republic into civil war.
Caesar's rival, Pompey, fled to Greece." Caesar pursued him and followed him into Egypt. Oct 27, · Gaius Julius Caesar, one of the world’s greatest military leaders, was born into a senatorial, patrician family and was the nephew of another famous Roman general, Marius.
Caesar was the fulcrum upon which Roman government and civilization shifted.
He was not the first dictator, but he was the sine qua non timberdesignmag.com him, Roman government shifted from a Republic to a monarchy in everything but name.
Julius Caesar was a politician born in BC, who served as general of the Roman Republic between 60 and 68 BC. Under his rule, the empire conquered the whole of modern France and Belgium.
Julius Caesar Homework Help Questions. Why do the tribunes chase the commoners away, and for what does Marullus reprimand them in This is a good question. On 1 January 42 BC, Caesar became the first historical Roman to be deified, when he was posthumously granted the title 'the divine Julius'.
Why did he invade Britain? During the Gallic Wars, Caesar invaded Britain twice in 55 and 54 BC wanting to make it part of the Roman empire.