The programme aims to transfer welfare benefitssuch as scholarship, pension and subsidies, directly to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.
This certainly is, in part, a reflection of the multiple and often contradictory pulls and pressures of building a welfare state in India.
Entitlements vs empowerment Inwhen the National Democratic Alliance NDA government rode to power, many had expected with anticipation or trepidation depending on which side of the ideological fence you sit on that the government would radically alter the architecture for welfare.
Replacing the leaky and inefficient welfare delivery system with the deceptively elegant cash transfer model was a critical component of the empowerment narrative. Progress, however, has been slow.
The target in was for DBT to cover schemes across 65 ministries and departments. By Decemberonly 84 schemes across 17 departments and ministries were using DBT.
Moreover, the pace of money transfers through DBT has slowed down. In his December 31 speech, the PM committed his government to implementing the maternity benefits program, a key provision of the National Food Security Act.
Add to this, the MGNREGA, which was given a new lease of life earlier this year on account of drought conditions in many parts of India, has recently received a supplementary grant on account of the increased demand in December.
By early Januarythe Centre had released Rs. Not unlike the UPA, the BJP manifesto promised to implement the right to food, a national health assurance program and increase expenditure on education. The lack of political consensus also exposes the limitations of the cash argument.
Yet, as the DBT experience is beginning to reveal, cash is not a substitute for a failed state system. Getting the cash architecture right requires negotiating complex governance tasks like getting targeting right, adapting to market fluctuations, dealing with supply constraints and building a functioning banking system.
Rather than being a substitute, effective cash transfers require a sophisticated and capable state machinery to support it.
Rather than focus on getting implementation right, the contradictory messages from the government have further weakened these programs.
But this long list of schemes offers no hint of a cogent vision and policy on health and education. Health is the bigger causality.
The National Health Policy has disappeared without a trace. In the budget, a new health insurance scheme was announced. A year later, this is still to be implemented. And while government rhetoric suggests a shift in priority toward insurance, there is no debate on how to tackle complex issues of regulation and quality.
And despite growing evidence of a serious crisis in the quality of primary care, from doctor absenteeism to low effort, lack of use of treatment protocols, over-medication and maltreatment of patients, the government is showing no urgency to reform the NHM. To be fair, the current crisis in health care is not the making of this government.
However, the lack of a coherent vision and strategy on how to tackle this crisis, especially in the context of the rhetoric of empowerment, is a serious failure. Elementary education has had a relatively better run. At the moment, the effort is focused on measuring learning.
The Niti Aayog is in the process of launching a school quality index while the education ministry is preparing to undertake a learning census. For the moment, there is little clarity from the government on how it intends to use these assessments.
The problem is complicated by the fact that the current planning and budgeting process is not designed to prioritise learning.
Planning continues to be based on school infrastructure goals and learning focused programs receive very little financing. Many state governments are now beginning to experiment with different ways of changing classroom practices to improve learning.
These ought to be supported, studied and scaled. But the absence of resources and the continued focus on school infrastructure in plans and budgets is a serious impediment.
On Swachh Bharat, the high-level political commitment has made sanitation top priority across the country. As is widely acknowledged, total sanitation is only achieved when communities recognise the need for sanitation and demand sanitation services.
Building awareness for sanitation and creating demand through sustained community engagement is thus critical and local governments are the appropriate institutional mechanism to achieve this.
Rather than strengthen local governments, the SBM is designed as a top down program implemented by bureaucrats.Articles written by lawyers and experts discussing the aspects of law practices related to individuals, businesses and governments worldwide.
Posts about National Advisory Council written by kracktivist. kracktivist. Bridge the Gap, Bring the Change. Home; How do you respond to those that call MGNREGA “demand-driven distress employment” and, therefore, The noted social activist said that despite its contribution to changing the lives of the rural poor, implementation of.
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) was the first law to mandate social audit as a statutory requirement. However, even within the MGNREGA. The Government’s effort to rejig the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act has raised questions about the future of the UPA Government’s favourite scheme.
While the Government. Weakening Panchayats in West Bengal.
Aparajita Bakshi * * Tata Institute of Social Sciences The gram panchayat acts as a direct implementing agency for some government schemes and assists in the implementation of others. (), “Changing Lives and Landscapes: A Case Study of NREGS in Bonkati Gram Panchayat,” Review of Agrarian.
This ignorance among government officials is indicative of the state’s progress in implementing the ambitious programme of the UPA government. Seraikella-Kharsawan, the first district in the state under DBT since January, has more than 46, beneficiaries of different schemes. What is complicating the scenario is the state’s changing.