Specialised NDE techniques include video probing using fibreoptics to assess the damage on the internal surfaces especially for corrosion, erosion, cracks and the presence of foreign materials, in-situ replica technique to study the material degradation and the presence of microcracks, ultrasonic testing using high frequency pulser and transducer for measurement of oxide scale on the steam side, ultrasonic attenuation measurement to detect hydrogen damage, boresonic inspection using multi probes with special attachment to detect cracking in rotor bores and special eddy current technique to detect turbine blade root cracks. A brief description of the specialised NDE techniques are discussed.
I take this opportunity to express my gratitude in a few words to all those who helped me in the completion of this project. I convey my sincere thanks to Prof.
Sathyanarayanan for giving this opportunity to have such a detailed study about Power Sector. I express my sincere thanks and deep sense of gratitude to my friends for giving timely advice in all the aspects for the success of this project work. It is an important infrastructure facility without which no industrial activity can be thought of in modern times.
Increasing automation of Indian industries has created huge demand of power in India. This huge demand has resulted into demand supply gap in India in recent times.
This report gives an extensive study of Power Sector. Environmental impact of the sector is discussed.
The various analyses show that there has been a continuous growth in generation and consumption of power in India. World electricity generation rose at an average annual rate of 3. Total world consumption of marketed energy is projected to increase by 50 percent from to This increase was largely due to more electrical appliances, development of electrical heating in several developed countries and rural electrification programmes in developing countries.
De-regulation in areas of the global energy markets has led to fierce competition. Now more than ever electricity has to be produced at a lower cost with many countries imposing ever tightening environmental legislation to reduce the impact power generation has on the environment.
The enormous challenges are recognised in providing electricity as efficiently as possible and strive to develop technology to meet your needs.
Although high prices for oil and natural gas, which are expected to continue throughout the period, are likely to slow the growth of energy demand in the long term, world energy consumption is projected to continue increasing strongly as a result of robust economic growth and expanding populations in the worlds developing countries.
Energy demand in the OECD economies is expected to grow slowly over the projection period, at an average annual rate of 0. Over the past decades, their energy consumption as a share of total world energy use has increased significantly.
Even stronger growth is projected over the next 25 years, with their combined energy use more than doubling and their share increasing to one-quarter of world energy consumption in in the IEO reference case.
In contrast, the U. Vast hydroelectric potentialMW. Large pool of highly skilled technical personnel. Impressive power development in absolute terms comparable in size to those of Germany and UK. Enabling framework for private investors. However, commercial production and distribution started inin Calcutta now Kolkata.
In the yearthe country had a power generating capacity of 1, MW. Generation and distribution of electrical power was carried out primarily by private utility companies such as Calcutta Electric. Power was available only in a few urban centers; rural areas and villages did not have electricity.
Afterall new power generation, transmission and distribution in the rural sector and the urban centers which was not served by private utilities came under the purview of State and Central government agencies. Legal provisions to support and regulate the sector were put in place through the Indian Electricity Act, Shortly after independence, a second Act - The Electricity Supply Act, was formulated, paving the way for establishing Electricity Boards in the states of the Union.
In s and 70s, enormous impetus was given for the expansion of distribution of electricity in rural areas.
It was thought by policy makers that as the private players were small and did not have required resources for the massive expansion drive, the production of power was reserved for the public sector in the Industrial Policy Resolution of Since then, almost all new investment in power generation, transmission and distribution has been made in the public sector.
Most of the private players were bought out by state electricity boards. From the installed capacity of only 1,mw inhas increased to MW as on March which has since crossedMW mark India has become sixth largest producer and consumer of electricity in the world equaling the capacities of UK and France combined.
The number of consumers connected to the Indian power grid exceeds is 75 million. However, the achievements of India's power sector growth looks phony on the face of huge gaps in supply and demand on one side and antediluvian generation and distribution system on the verge of collapse having plagued by inefficiencies, mismanagement, political interference and corruption for decades, on the other.
Indian power sector is at the cross road today. A paradigm shift is in escapable- for better or may be for worse. Most of the reserve is concentrated in the Middle-east region. Electricity generation has several impacts on the environment, depending on the choice of technologies.
While the evaluation of specific power plants would necessitate the assessment of site and plant-specific issues, in general, one can consider source-specific local, regional, and global impacts.Detailed Analysis of Power Plant Equipments (Power Sector) - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.
Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Criticality Analysis of Power-Plant Equipments Using the Analytic Hierarchy Process 3 problem is structured in three levels.
The goal is at the top level of the AHP decision hierarchy, while the criteria are placed on the second level. Bargaining Power of Suppliers As the requirement of equipments are growing exponentially, the supply of Power Equipments can be met by Importing or from the domestic suppliers.
So the bargaining power of the Supplier is medium enough to tackle in the current scenario. Power Plant Electrical Distribution Systems Gary W Castleberry, PE following equipment in a power plant distribution system: Main electrical generator, isolated phase bus duct, step-up transformer, station auxiliary A more detailed discussion of each component follows this narrative.
DESCRIPTION. DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT PONDICHERRY UNIVERSITY Detailed Analysis of Power Plant Equipments (Power Sector) PROJECT REPORT Submitted By KAMALAKKANNAN.
DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT PONDICHERRY UNIVERSITY Detailed Analysis of Power Plant Equipments (Power Sector) PROJECT REPORT Submitted By KAMALAKKANNAN G Section – B ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The successful completion of any task would be incomplete without mentioning the names of the persons who helped to make it .