Frode Moen E-mail address: He previously has worked as a teacher in high school where sport was his major subject, and he has been a coach for the national team in Nordic combined in Norway for several years.
Metaphysics substance, cause, form, potentiality Nicomachean Ethics soul, happiness, virtue, friendship Eudemain Ethics Politics best states, utopias, constitutions, revolutions Rhetoric elements of forensic and political debate Poetics tragedy, epic poetry 3.
From their perspective, logic and reasoning was the chief preparatory instrument of scientific investigation. Aristotle himself, however, uses the term "logic" as equivalent to verbal reasoning.
They seem to be arranged according to the order of the questions we would ask in gaining knowledge of an object.
For example, we ask, first, what a thing is, then how great it is, next of what kind it is. Substance is always regarded as the most important of these. Substances are further divided into first and second: Notions when isolated do not in themselves express either truth or falsehood: The elements of such a proposition are the noun substantive and the verb.
The combination of words gives rise to rational speech and thought, conveys a meaning both in its parts and as a whole.
The truth or falsity of propositions is determined by their agreement or disagreement with the facts they represent. Thus propositions are either affirmative or negative, each of which again may be either universal or particular or undesignated.
A definition, for Aristotle is a statement of the essential character of a subject, and involves both the genus and the difference. To get at a true definition we must find out those qualities within the genus which taken separately are wider than the subject to be defined, but taken together are precisely equal to it.
For example, "prime," "odd," and "number" are each wider than "triplet" that is, a collection of any three items, such as three rocks ; but taken together they are just equal to it. The genus definition must be formed so that no species is left out.
Having determined the genus and species, we must next find the points of similarity in the species separately and then consider the common characteristics of different species.
Definitions may be imperfect by 1 being obscure, 2 by being too wide, or 3 by not stating the essential and fundamental attributes.
Obscurity may arise from the use of equivocal expressions, of metaphorical phrases, or of eccentric words. The heart of Aristotle's logic is the syllogism, the classic example of which is as follows: All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal.
The syllogistic form of logical argumentation dominated logic for 2, years until the rise of modern propositional and predicate logic thanks to Frege, Russell, and others. Aristotle begins by sketching the history of philosophy. For Aristotle, philosophy arose historically after basic necessities were secured.The proper development and functioning of emotions allow people to live well and to be happy.
Love, respect, and compassion, for example, are the essential emotional ingredients of . Early Modern Emotions is a student-friendly introduction to the concepts, approaches and sources used to study emotions in early modern Europe, and to the perspectives that analysis of the history of emotions can offer early modern studies more broadly.
Airplane flights come and go at airports everyday. What kinds of public announcements would you expect to hear at an airport while waiting for your flight? The history of emotions is one of the fastest growing fields in current historical debate, and this is the first book-length introduction to the field, synthesizing .
I. What is the Enneagram? 1. Where did the Enneagram come from? Is it scientific? The Enneagram is one of the newest personality systems in use, and emphasizes psychological motivations. A game called Nevermind uses facial expression analysis to track facial expressions, making the game more stressful in response to the player’s fear levels.
If that doesn’t break your sweat, try .